I-ARDS (isiQinisekiso esiQinisekileyo sokuPhefumla ngesi sifo)

I-ARDS (isiQinisekiso esiQinisekileyo sokuPhefumla ngesi sifo)

By Uhlaziyo lweMedia; Ukuhlaziywa ngu-Varixcare.cz. Igqityelwe ukuhlaziywa ngo-Agasti 2, 2021.

OKUFUNA UKWAZI:

Yintoni isifo sokuphefumla esixhalabisayo (i-ARDS)?

I-ARDS luhlobo lokusilela okuphefumlayo okubangelwa kukwakheka kolwelo kwimiphunga yakho. Ulwelo luthintela imiphunga yakho ekugcwaliseni ioksijini. Igazi lakho alinakho ukufumana ioksijini eliyifunayo emzimbeni wakho. Izixhobo ezinjengezintso zakho zingavalwa ngenxa yokungabikho kweoksijini. I-ARDS isongela ubomi kwaye kufuneka unyango kwangoko.

Imiphunga

Yintoni ebangela i-ARDS?

  • Isifo, njenge-pneumonia, sepsis (usulelo lwegazi), okanye i-pancreatitis
  • Ukwenzakala esifubeni okanye kwinxalenye yengqondo elawula ukuphefumla, okanye ukutsha kakhulu
  • Ukusezela umsi, ukutya okugabileyo, ulwelo, okanye iigesi eziyingozi ezinje ngechlorine, okanye ukurhaxwa kufutshane
  • Ukugqithisa iziyobisi, ukutofelwa kaninzi, okanye ukonzakala kwemiphunga kutofelo-gazi

Zithini iimpawu kunye neempawu ze-ARDS?

Iimpawu kunye neempawu zihlala ziqala kwiiyure ezingama-72 emva kokonzakala emiphungeni. Unako ukufumana oku kulandelayo:



  • Ukuphefumla kancinci kunye nengxolo xa uphefumla
  • Ukukhawuleza, ukuphefumla okunzima kunye nentliziyo ebetha ngokukhawuleza
  • Ulusu olumanzi olunombala oluhlaza
  • Ukudinwa okugqithisileyo kunye nokudideka
  • Uxinzelelo lwegazi oluphantsi

I-ARDS ifunyaniswa njani?

  • Uvavanyo lwegazi ingabonisa ukuba unesifo.
  • Uvavanyo lweegesi zegazi ikwabizwa ngokuba yiarterial blood gas, okanye iABG. Igazi lithathwa kwimithambo (yegazi) kwaye livavanyelwe inani leoksijini kunye nekhabhon diokside. Iziphumo zinokuxelela ababoneleli ngezempilo ukuba imiphunga yakho isebenza kakuhle kangakanani.
  • Isifuba x-ray okanye i-ultrasound inokwenziwa ukukhangela imiphunga yakho kunye nentliziyo. Ababoneleli ngezeMpilo banokusebenzisa i-x-ray ukujonga iimpawu zosulelo, ezinje nge-pneumonia. I-x-ray yesifuba ingabonisa iimpawu ze-ARDS.
  • Iskena se-CT ingabonisa unobangela we-ARDS yakho. Unokunikwa ulwelo olwahlukileyo ukunceda ingxaki ibonakale ngcono kwimifanekiso. Xelela umboneleli wezononophelo lwempilo ukuba ukhe waba negazi xa kuthelekiswa nolwelo.

I-ARDS iphathwa njani?

Unobangela we-ARDS kufuneka anyangwe. Uya kulaliswa kwigumbi labagula kakhulu eliza kunyanyekelwa esibhedlele. Unokufuna oku kulandelayo:

  • Umatshini wokuphefumla Ngumatshini oya kukuxhasa ukuphefumla kwakho kwaye unike ioksijini ngelixa imiphunga iphola. Uya kuba ne-endotracheal tube (ET tube) emlonyeni wakho okanye empumlweni eya kuthi incamathele kumatshini wokuphefumla.
    Ityhubhu ye-Endotracheal
  • Amayeza inokunikwa ebangela ukuba izihlunu zakho ziphumle kwaye zivumele umoya ukuba usebenzele wena. Unokunikwa amayeza ukunyanga usulelo okanye ukuthomalalisa iintlungu. Ungadinga iyeza lokucoca igazi ukukhusela ukubola kwemiphunga (igazi elijiyileyo emiphungeni yakho). Amayeza ngamanye amaxesha anikwa ukunciphisa ukudumba emiphungeni nakwamanye amalungu omzimba.

Isivumelwano soKhathalelo

Unelungelo lokunceda ekucwangciseni inkathalo yakho. Funda ngemeko yakho yempilo kunye nendlela yokunyanga. Xoxa ngeendlela zonyango kunye nabanikezeli bakho bezempilo ukuba uthathe isigqibo malunga nokhathalelo olufunayo. Uhlala unelungelo lokwala unyango. Olu lwazi lungentla luncedo kwezemfundo kuphela. Akujoliswanga njenge ngcebiso yezonyango kwiimeko ezithile okanye unyango. Thetha nogqirha wakho, umongikazi okanye usokhemesti ngaphambi kokulandela nayiphi na irejimeni yonyango ukubona ukuba ikhuselekile kwaye iyasebenza na kuwe.

© Ilungelo lokushicilela IBM Corporation 2021 Ulwazi lusetyenziselwa uMsebenzisi wokuGcina kuphela kwaye alunakuthengiswa, lusasazwe ngokutsha okanye lusetyenziselwe ezinye iinjongo zorhwebo. Yonke imifanekiso kunye nemifanekiso efakwe kwi-CareNotes® yipropathi ene-copyright ye-ADAM, Inc. okanye i-IBM Watson Health

Inkcukacha ezithe vetshe

Njalo qhagamshelana nomboneleli wakho wezempilo ukuqinisekisa ukuba ulwazi oluboniswe kweli phepha lisebenza kwiimeko zakho zobuqu.

Ukuzihlangula kwezonyango