Yi-Buggin 'Me! Uyisebenzisa kanjani ngokukhuselekileyo into yokugxotha izinambuzane

Yi-Buggin 'Me! Uyisebenzisa kanjani ngokukhuselekileyo into yokugxotha izinambuzane

Ukuhlaziywa nguLeigh Ann Anderson, PharmD. Igqityelwe ukuhlaziywa ngoMeyi 10, 2021.

Jonga njengesilayidi Jonga isilayidi sangaphambili 1 / 17 Jonga isilayidi esilandelayo

Kutheni ndifanele ndisebenzise into yokugxotha izinambuzane?

Ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zokugxotha izinambuzane yindlela ekhuselekileyo nesebenzayo yokuthintela izifo zezinambuzane kunye namakhalane.

Ukulunywa ziingcongconi kungakhokelela ku:



  • Intsholongwane yeNayile
  • Intsholongwane kaZika
  • Isifo seengcongconi
  • Umkhuhlane wedengue
  • Intsholongwane ka Chikungunya
  • I-Encephalitis
  • Fever Yellow (inqabile eMelika)

ngelixa i-tick deer encinci inokubangela Isifo seLyme . Ezinye izifo ezithwalwa ngamakhalane zibandakanya iRocky Mountain Spotted Fever, intsholongwane iPowassan, i-Ehrlichiosis kunye ne-Encephalitis.

Amaziko aseMelika okuLawula izifo (i-CDC) acebisa ngamandla ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zokuthintela izinambuzane ukuthintela ukudluliselwa kwentsholongwane yeNayile kunye nezinye izifo ezisasazwa yingcongconi. Uninzi lweziganeko zesifo seengcongconi esifunyanwa e-U.S zivela kwezinye iindawo zehlabathi.

Zisebenza Njani Izinto Zokugxotha Izinambuzane?

Izinambuzane ezininzi ezinjengeengcongconi zitsala umninimzi ngenxa yevumba lolusu kunye nekharbhon diokside ekuphefumlweni kwabo.

Izinto ezigxothayo zinesithako esenza ukuba umntu 'angathandeki' ekulungeni; nangona kunjalo, izinto ezigxothayo azizibulali izinambuzane. Izinto ezigxothayo zisebenza kuphela kwimigama emifutshane kwindawo enyangiweyo, ke umsebenzisi usenokubona iingcongconi zibhabha kufutshane.

Kwiinyanga ezifudumeleyo kubalulekile ukusebenzisa into egxotha izinambuzane; Kwimozulu yetropiki kusenokufuneka unyaka wonke.

Nantsi ingcebiso ukuba ungumgadi wegadi okhutheleyo okanye uhamba intaba: izinambuzane kunye neearachnids ezilumayo xa zizikhusela endaweni yokondla- njengeenyosi, ezinye iimbovane, iibhatyi ezityheli, oonomeva, oonomeva okanye izigcawu - azinakulwiswa nazo izinto zokugxotha izinambuzane.

Ndingasifaka njani isicelo sokugxotha izinambuzane?

Ukufaka isicelo sakho sokugxotha izinambuzane ayisiyonto nje yokutshiza apha naphaya. Faka isicelo sokugxotha kuphela xa ucwangcisa ukuba ngaphandle kwaye ulusu olutyhilekileyo-hayi phantsi kwempahla.

Hlamba ulusu olunyangiweyo ngesepha namanzi xa ubuyela ngaphakathi, ngakumbi ukuba usetyenziswe kaninzi emini. Musa ukusebenzisa izinto ezigxotha izinambuzane ngqo kumanxeba avulekileyo, kwaye kuphephe ukutshiza ngokuthe ngqo ebusweni; endaweni yoko tshiza ngesandla sakho uze uthambise ubuso bakho.

Ukugonywa kwe-hepatitis b ixesha elide

Khetha into egxothayo ekhusela ixesha elininzi oya kuba ngaphandle. Faka kuphela izinto zokugxotha ngaphandle ukunceda ukuphepha ukuphefumla kwisitshizi.

Ukuba uyaluma okanye ulume, landela ezi ngcebiso .

Ndingazikhusela Njani Kwizinambuzane?

Unokufaka izinto zokugxotha izinambuzane eziqukethe i-DEET okanye ipermethrin kwimpahla yakho; Nangona kunjalo, i-DEET inokuyonakalisa impahla.

Njengenye indlela, izitshizi ezineepermethrin ziyafumaneka ngokukodwa ngeempahla, iminatha yezinambuzane, iibhegi zokulala, izihlangu kunye neebhutsi; MUSA ukufaka ipermethrin ngqo kulusu lwakho.

Musa ukubeka izinto zokugxotha izinambuzane, kubandakanya i-DEET, phantsi kwempahla yakho.

Unako nokunciphisa ixesha elichithwe ngaphandle, ngakumbi kumaxesha okuncancisa iingcongconi kwasekuseni nasekuseni. Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwezifo zentsholongwane yeZika ziyasasazeka ngexesha le- ixesha lasemini ukusuka kwifayile esebenzayo I-Aedes iintlobo zengcongconi ezifumaneka kwihlabathi liphela.

Ngaba izinambuzane ezigxotha izinambuzane zikhuselekile?

Iziko laseMelika lokuLawula nokuThintela izifo (CDC) icebisa usebenzisa iimveliso eziboniswe ukuba ziyasebenza kuvavanyo lweklinikhi kwaye ziqulathe izinto ezisebenzayo ezibhaliswe kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) ukuze zisetyenziswe njengezinto zokugxotha izinambuzane kulusu okanye kwimpahla.

Aba bagxothiweyo zezi:

buyintoni ubomi beshelfrocodone
  • I-DEET iipesenti ezingama-20 okanye ngaphezulu: ubude beeyure eziyi-8 ukuya kwezi-12 (njengeCutter Backwoods kunye neCim! Woods Deep VII); enye imveliso ekhoyo nge<20% as well.
  • I-Picaridin yesikhumba: ubude beeyure ezi-8 (Natrapel, OFF Care Care Picaridin VIII).
  • IR3535: ubude beeyure ezi-4 ukuya kwezi-8
  • 2-Undecanone: ubude beeyure ezi-2 ukuya kwezi-4 (imethyl nonyl ketone)
  • Ioyile yeemon eucalyptus (OLE) okanye ipara-menthane-diol (PMD) yokusetyenziswa kuphela kule minyaka mithathu nangaphezulu kwiCDC: ubude ukuya kuthi ga kwiiyure ezi-6.

I-Permethrin yempahla kunye nezixhobo kuphela (hayi eyokufaka ulusu) ikwacetyisiwe.

I-EPA ebhalisiweyo yokugxotha izinambuzane ayilindelwanga ukuba ibangele iziphumo ezibi ebantwini okanye kwindalo xa isetyenziswa ngokwemiyalelo.

Xa zisetyenziswa njengokuyalelwa, ezi zinto zigxotha izinambuzane zibonakalise ukuba zikhuselekile kwaye zisebenza nakwabasetyhini abanjalo ukhulelwe okanye uncancise .

Yintoni i-DEET?

I-DEET, okanye i-N, i-N-diethyl-m-toluamide, ineyona nto isebenzayo ekugxothweni. I-DEET iyasebenza ngokuchasene neengcongconi, amakhalane, ii-chiggers, iintakumba kunye nezinye iimpukane. Uxinzelelo lwe-DEET luqala ukusuka kwi-5% ukuya kwi-99%, kodwa ukugxila okungaphezulu kwe-30% akubonakalwanga kusebenza ngakumbi.

Ifomula esebenza ixesha elide iyafumaneka ene-34% ye-DEET (Ultrathon Insect Repellent Lotion) kwaye inikezela ukuya kuthi ga kwiiyure ezili-12 zokukhusela. Amanye amagama eentengiso ane-DEET afaka i-Off, Cutter kunye neSawyer.

Ezi mveliso zinokufumaneka ngokulula kwiivenkile ezinkulu ezinkulu, kwiindawo zoku-odola kwi-Intanethi nakwiivenkile ezikhethekileyo zokukhempisha.

Ngaba i-DEET ikhuselekile kuBantwana okanye kwiintsana?

Izinambuzane ezigxotha izinambuzane ezifana ne-DEET zikhuselekile kubantwana nakwiintsana ezingaphezulu kweenyanga ezimbini, Ngokutsho kwe-CDC nangona i-EPA isithi ikhona akukho sithintelo seminyaka ebantwaneni. Xa ungathandabuzeki, buza ugqirha wakho.

IAmerican Academy of Pediatrics iqaphela ukuba izinto ezigxothayo akufuneki zibe ngaphezulu kwe-10% ukuya kwi-30% ye-DEET (jonga i-N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide kwibhotile yokutshiza) xa isetyenziswa ebantwaneni. Ukugxininiswa okuphezulu kuya kuhlala ixesha elide.

Akukho sigulo sibi esiye sanxulunyaniswa nokusetyenziswa kwe-DEET ebantwaneni xa isetyenziswa ngokwezindululo zomenzi. Nangona kunjalo, xa ungaphakathi endlwini, kungcono ukuhlamba izinto ozigxothe ngesepha namanzi.

Gwema ukusetyenziswa kwexesha elide, ukugqithisa okanye ukusetyenziswa kwangaphakathi, njengoko kwenzeka ingozi.

Ndingasifaka njani isicelo sokugxotha izinambuzane emntwaneni?

Abazali kufuneka bakhethe ukugxotha ngokuxhomekeke kubungakanani bexesha langaphandle, ukubonakaliswa ziingcongconi, kunye nomngcipheko wesifo esidluliselwa yingcongconi kuloo ndawo.

Amanqaku abalulekileyo ekufuneka uwakhumbule:

  • sebenzisa into egxothayo ezandleni zakho, emva koko uthambise umntwana
  • thintela amehlo omntwana, umlomo wakhe, kwaye usebenzise kancinci ecaleni kweendlebe
  • thintela amanxeba avulekileyo okanye ulusu olucaphukisayo
  • musa ukusebenzisa izinto ezigxothayo phantsi kwempahla
  • Hlamba iimpahla ezinyangiweyo
  • uhlambe ulusu oluphathwayo xa ubuyile ngaphakathi
  • gcina izinto ezigxothayo kude nabantwana kwaye ungazivumeli ukuba zizisebenzise

Ngaba abasetyhini abakhulelweyo okanye abancancisayo basebenzise izinto zokugxotha izinambuzane?

Ewe, ngokwamaZiko oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye noThintelo (CDC).

Kwi abasetyhini abakhulelweyo okanye abancancisayo I-CDC ithi ezi mveliso zilandelayo zibonakalise ukuba zikhuselekile kwaye ziyasebenza:

  • I-DEET
  • picaridin
  • IR3535
  • ioyile yeemon eucalyptus okanye ipara-menthane-diol
  • 2-undecanone

Njengamaxesha onke, nxibelelana nomboneleli wakho wezempilo ukuze ufumane iimpendulo kwimibuzo malunga nokusetyenziswa kwawo nawaphi na amayeza xa ukhulelwe okanye uncancisa kwaye ulandele umkhombandlela weelebhile.

Kuthekani Ngeentsholongwane Zika?

Uninzi lwabantu alwazi nokuba bosulelwe yingcongconi ukuba bafumana intsholongwane yeZika.

Kodwa ukuba ufumana iimpawu zeZika, zinokubandakanya:

  • ifiva
  • irhashalala
  • intlungu edibeneyo
  • i-conjunctivitis (amehlo abomvu)

Kwabafazi abakhulelweyo, kubaluleke ngakumbi ukuthintela ukulunywa ngu I-Aedes iintlobo zengcongconi. Intsholongwane yeZika inokusasazeka ngokudibana ngokwesondo, ke ukusetyenziswa kwekhondom kubalulekile. Intsholongwane kaZika inokudluliselwa isuka kumfazi okhulelweyo iye kumntwana ongekazalwa, kwaye usulelo ngexesha lokukhulelwa kunokubangela isiphene esibi sokuzalwa kwengqondo ebizwa ngokuba yi-microcephaly.

Kulungile ukwazi ukuba ngo-2018, 2019, nangama-2020 i-CDC ithi akukho kugqithiselwa kwasekhaya yentsholongwane yeZika ethwalwa yingcongconi yaxelwa kwilizwekazi laseMelika. Ngo-2020, iimeko ezi-4 ezinxulumene nokuhamba ziye zaxelwa kwiindawo ezi-4 (NY, NC, VA, and MD). Ngo-2020, iimeko ezingama-57 zaxelwa ePuerto Rico ezafunyanwa kwalapha ekhaya.

Abasetyhini abakhulelweyo akufuneki bahambe baye kwiindawo ezineZika. Ukuba kufuneka uhambe kwenye yezi ndawo okanye ukuba uhlala kwindawo eneZika, thetha nogqirha wakho okanye omnye umboneleli wezempilo kwaye ulandele ngokungqongqo amanyathelo okuthintela ukulunywa yingcongconi kunye nokuthintela ukosulela ngesondo.

CDC ihlaziyiwe iindaba kunye nezikhokelo zentsholongwane yeZika kwaye yeyiphi Iindawo zokuhamba zamanye amazwe ukunqanda kwiwebhusayithi yabo.

Ngaba iPicaridin ikwayindlela efanelekileyo yokugxotha izinambuzane?

I-Picaridin, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-KBR 3023, iyafumaneka kwi-5% ukuya kwi-20% yoxinzelelo kwaye iyindlela efanelekileyo yokugxotha iimpukane, iingcongconi, ii-chiggers, amakhalane. I-Picaridin yimichiza eyenziwayo elinganisa i-piperine yendalo efumaneka kwipepile emnyama.

  • Olunye uphononongo lubonise uxinzelelo lwe-19% ye-picaridin iyasebenza njenge-Ultrathon brand ye-DEET lotion.
  • Uncedo lwe picaridin ngaphezulu kwe-DEET kukuba ayonakalisi iplastiki okanye ilaphu.
  • Amagama eentlobo ngeentlobo efumaneka kwisitshizi kunye nokusula kwesicelo kulusu. Iimpawu eziqukethe i-picaridin zibandakanya i-Cutter kunye ne-Advanced Natrapel.

Ngaba kukho naziphi na izinto ezigxotha izinambuzane zendalo?

I-OLE, okanye ioyile yeLemon Eucalyptus (p-menthane 3, 8-diol) sisityalo esigxotha isityalo kwaye sibhalisiwe kwi-EPA. Ifomula yasimahla ye-DEET egxotha iingcongconi, kubandakanya nezo zinokuhambisa intsholongwane yeNayile.

I-OLE (kunye nepara-menthane-diol okanye i-PMD) AKUFANELE isetyenziswe kubantwana abangaphantsi kweminyaka emi-3 ubudala.

Xa i-OLE yayithelekiswa ne-DEET yokusebenza ngokuchasene neengcongconi ezafunyanwa e-U.S, i-OLE ibonelele ngokhuseleko olufanayo kwizinga eliphantsi le-DEET. Kuphononongo lokuvavanya isifo seengcongconi, i-OLE ibonelela ngeeyure eziyi-6 zokuzikhusela kwiingcongconi.

Iimveliso ze-OLE zibandakanya iRepel Lemon Eucalyptus kunye neCutter Lemon Eucalyptus. Abanye abathengi bakhalaza ngevumba le-OLE.

zolpidem (ambien)

Ngaba i-Avon's 'Skin So Soft' i-Bug Repellent?

Ngaba ukhetha i-DEET-free? I-IR3535, efumaneka kwezinye zeemveliso ze-Avon Skin So Soft, iyafumaneka kumandla ahlukeneyo. Olunye uLusu lweemveliso ezithambileyo zibhalwe njengeengcongconi ezigxothayo kunye namakhalane (anokuhambisa isifo seLyme).

I-IR3535 iyafumaneka njenge into yokuthambisa kunye nesitshizi, esinayo okanye ngaphandle kwescreen se SPF 30. I-Avon ikwavelisa isitshizi sepicardin esisebenzayo kwiingcongconi kunye namakhalane amaxhama.

Imveliso yoqobo yoLusu oluThambileyo yioyile yejojoba kwaye ayenzelwanga ukuba isetyenziswe njengokugxotha, ngokuka-Avon. Ukongeza, ayisiyiyo evunyelweyo ye-EPA yezinambuzane. Ukuchaphazeleka kwayo kwiingcongconi kubonakala ngathi kuhlala iiyure ezi-2 kuphela, njengoko kuchaziwe kuvavanyo olwenziwe ziNgxelo zabaThengi.

I-CDC ayikukhuthazi ukusebenzisa indibaniselwano yeemveliso ezigxotha i-sunscreen kuba i-sunscreen iya kufuna ukufakwa rhoqo kunaleyo igxothayo.

IBull Frog Mosquito Coast ikwanayo ne-IR3535 kwaye ithi iyazigxotha iingcongconi ukuya kuthi ga kwiiyure ezisi-8 (ezo zinokuhambisa iZika, West Nile, Dengue Fever kunye neChikungunya virus).

Ngaba ndingaFafaza okuGxothayo kwiimpahla zam zoKhuseleko oluNgezelelweyo?

I-Permethrin yenzelwe ukuba isetyenziswe kwimpahla nakwizixhobo, kodwa HAYI ngqo kulusu.

I-Permethrin sisixhobo sokubulala izinambuzane esinokusetyenziswa kwimpahla, iminatha yengcongconi, iintente kunye neebhegi zokulala ukuzikhusela kwiingcongconi kunye namakhalane. Ihlala isebenza iiveki ezininzi, nokuba kungaphambuki kangaphi.

I-Permethrin ifumaneka njenge-spray yeempahla, iinethi zezinambuzane, iibhegi zokulala, izihlangu kunye neebhutsi.

Olunye uphawu yiSawyer yePremethrin yokunxiba izinambuzane ezigxotha izinambuzane. Landela umkhombandlela weelebhile kumaxesha amaxesha okusetyenziswa kwakhona.

ibayer ngasemva kunye nomzimba

Iziphumo eziPhakathi eziPhakathi kunye nokuGxotha izinambuzane?

Iziphumo ebezingalindelekanga ezimandundu ekugxothweni kwizinambuzane zinqabile kakhulu ukuba imveliso isetyenziswa njengoko kuyalelwe.

Ukusabela kolusu ngenxa ukungabikho komzimba kunye nokucaphuka kwamehlo zezona mpendulo ziqhelekileyo.

Ukuba ukrokrela ukuba unokusabela kolusu, yenza oku:

  • yeka ukusetyenziswa kwemveliso
  • hlamba indawo ngesepha namanzi
  • Tsalela umnxeba kwi-911 okanye uqhakamshelane neZiko loLawulo lweTyhefu ku-1-800-222-1222
  • ukuba into egxothiweyo ingena emehlweni akho, gungxula amehlo ngamanzi ngokukhawuleza kwaye unxibelelane ne911 okanye iZiko loLawulo lweTyhefu.

Ngaba ndingasifaka isicelo se-DEET kunye ne-sunscreen ngaxeshanye?

Ewe, kodwa thambisa i-sunscreen kuqala, emva koko ugxothe kwaye ulandele imiyalelo yemveliso nganye.

Xa ufaka imveliso edibanisa zombini i-sunscreen kunye ne-repellent kwibhotile enye, kunokuba yimfuneko ukuphinda ufake i-sunscreen ngokwahlukileyo kuba iya kufuna ukuphinda isetyenziswe rhoqo kunaleyo igxothayo.

Gcina ukhumbula ukuba ukufaka isicelo kwakhona kwimveliso edityanisiweyo kaninzi kunokukhokelela kwiziphumo eziyityhefu ngenxa yokugxothwa. Ukuqubha okanye ukubila kunokunciphisa ixesha elifanelekileyo lezi mveliso, kwaye ukuphinda kusetyenziswe kunokufuneka. Soloko ulandela umkhombandlela wephakheji.

Jonga iingcebiso ezongezelelweyo zeCDC kwi Ukusetyenziswa kwezinambuzane eziKhuselayo kunye noKhuseleko

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Imithombo

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  • URoberts C. Ngaba i-Avon Skin So So Bath Bath Work isebenza njenge-Bug Spray? IiNgxelo zabaThengi. Kufunyenwe ngoMeyi 10, 2021 apha https://www.consumerreports.org/insect-repellents/avon-skin-so-soft-review-bug-spray
  • Izithako eziGxothwayo eziLusu. I-EPA. Kufumaneka ngo-Meyi 10, 2021 kwi-https: //www.epa.gov/insect-repellents/skin-applied-repellent-ingredients
  • Intsholongwane yeNayile yeNtshona. Amaziko aseMelika oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye noThintelo (CDC). Kufunyenwe ngoMeyi 12, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/index.html
  • Intsholongwane yeNayile yeNtshona. Amaziko aseMelika oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye noThintelo (CDC). Ukusetyenziswa kwezinambuzane eziHlangayo kunye noKhuseleko. Kufunyenwe ngoMeyi 10, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/faq/repellent.html
  • Isebe lase-Illinois leMpilo kaRhulumente. Uthintelo noLawulo. DEET Izinambuzane eziGxothayo. Kufumaneka ngo-Meyi 12, 2020.
  • UFradin MS, uSuku lweJF. Ukuthelekiswa kokusebenza kwezinambuzane ngokuchasene nokulunywa yingcongconi. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347: 13-8.
  • Izinambuzane ezigxotha izinambuzane. Ileta Yonyango. I-Vol 54 (1399). NgoSeptemba 17, 2012. Ifikeleleke ngoMeyi 12, 2020.
  • Ityhefu yokutshiza i-Bug. zitshxng.cz. Kufumaneka ngo-Meyi 8, 2018.
  • Intsholongwane yeNayile yeNtshona. Amaziko aseMelika oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye noThintelo (CDC). Imibuzo neempendulo. Iphepha leNtsholongwane yeNayile yeNtshonalanga. Kufunyenwe ngoMeyi 10, 2021 apha https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/resource/pdfs/wnvFactsheet_508.pdf
  • IAmerican Academy yeZilwanyana. Abantwana bePhepha.org. Ukukhetha isisinambuzane esiGxotha uMntwana wakho. Kufunyenwe ngoMeyi 10, 2021 https://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/at-play/Pages/Insect-Repellents.aspx

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