Izifinyezo zoNyango kwiMiyalelo yePhemesti

Izifinyezo zoNyango kwiMiyalelo yePhemesti

Ukuhlaziywa nguLeigh Ann Anderson, PharmD. Igqityelwe ukuhlaziywa ngoJulayi 14, 2021.

BID, PO, XR, APAP, QHS, okanye PRN: Ngaba wakha wazibuza ukuba zeziphi izifinyezo, ezifihliweyo zonyango ezithetha ngomyalelo wakho? Isigama sezonyango sinzima ngokwaneleyo, kodwa uyitolika njani le miyalelo yomyalelo ebhalwe kwikhowudi? Ngethamsanqa akufuneki; kungumsebenzi kasokhemesti ukubeka isifinyezo sonyango ngesiNgesi esicacileyo kwileyibhile yonyango lwakho. Kodwa kunokubakho okungakumbi malunga nale mfutshane kunokuba ihlangane nelihlo.



Ukukhangela uluhlu lwezifinyezo eziqhelekileyo zonyango? Cofa apha ukufikelela kwiTheyibhile 1 apha ngezantsi

Isifinyezo somyalelo we-apothecary, njengaleyo onokuyibona ibhaliwe ngugqirha wakho kummiselo wakho okanye i-odolo yamayeza esibhedlele, inokuba sisiseko esiqhelekileyo sokudideka kwabo banikezela ngonyango. Ngapha koko, ukungaqondakali, ukubhalwa ngokungachanekanga okanye isifinyezo sonyango esikhokelela kutoliko olugwenxa sesinye sezona zinto zixhaphakileyo nezithintekayo kwiziphene zamayeza. Zonke izifinyezo zinokunyusa umngcipheko wokutolikwa okungachanekanga kwaye kufuneka zisetyenziswe ngononophelo kwimeko yezempilo.

Iiarhente zononophelo lwempilo, ezinje nge Ukutya kunye noLawulo lweziyobisi (FDA) kunye IZiko leMisebenzi ekhuselekileyo yoNyango (ISMP) yenze ukuba kube yinto ephambili ukunxibelelana ngolwazi malunga nezifinyezo ezididayo kunye nezifutshane zezonyango. Amaziko okhathalelo lwempilo kunye neengcali kulindeleke ukuba zithathe inyathelo kwaye zibeke imigangatho yangaphakathi ukunqanda ezi mpazamo zixhaphakileyo- kwaye zinokuba yingozi- kwezonyango.



ndingazithenga ii-antibiotics ngaphezulu kwekhawuntari

Ngaba iikhompyuter azisombululi ingxaki ngezifinyezo?

Ezinye zezishunqulelo ezenziwe ngokuchwetheziweyo okanye ezenziwe ngekhompyuter, iisimboli zokumiselwa, kunye nokuchongwa kwethamo zisenokudideka kwaye zikhokelele kwiimpazamo zokulinganisa iziyobisi okanye ixesha. Ukongeza, xa ezi zishunqulelo zingacacanga, ixesha elongezelelweyo kufuneka lichithwe ngoosokhemesti okanye abanye ababoneleli ngezempilo bezama ukucacisa iintsingiselo zabo, ezinokulibazisa unyango olufuneka kakhulu.

Ngokwembali, ukubhala kakubi kunye nokusilela kokubekwa emgangathweni yayisisizathu seempazamo ezininzi zokumiselwa. Namhlanje, imigqaliselo emininzi ngoku ingeniswe ngommiselo we-elektroniki (u-e-ukumisela), iirekhodi zonyango ze-elektroniki (i-EMRs), kunye nokungena kwe-odolo yokufaka i-odolo (i-CPOE), encedisile ukunciphisa amaxabiso ezi mpazamo zonyango. Nangona kunjalo, ukungangqinelani kwimimiselo ye-elektroniki kuqhelekile kwaye kungakhokelela kwiimpazamo zonyango kunye nokwenzakala kwesigulana.

Ukuba ufumana ileyibhile yonyango enezicaciso ezingacacanga nezididayo, soloko ubiza ugqirha wakho kwangoko ukuze ujonge ulwazi oluchanekileyo.



mucinex d vs dm

Igama leziyobisi Izifinyezo

Amagama eziyobisi anokuhlala efinyeziwe, nawo. Umzekelo, iirejimeni zonyango ezintsonkothileyo, ezinje ngemigaqo yonyango yomhlaza okanye iirejimeni zentsholongwane ye-HIV, zinokubhalwa ngamagama eziyobisi.

Njengoko kuxeliwe yi-FDA, iyeza elinesifinyezo se-MTX litolikwe njenge-methotrexate (esetyenziselwa isifo samathambo) okanye i-mitoxantrone (isiyobisi somhlaza). I-ATX yaqondwa phosakeleyo njengeyona mfutshane ye-zidovudine (AZT, ichiza le-HIV) okanye i-azathioprine (ichiza elichasene ne-immunosuppressant). Ezi ntlobo zeempazamo zinokunxulunyaniswa nomonzakalo omkhulu wesigulana.

Ukudibanisa amanani

Amanani anokukhokelela kudideko kunye neempazamo zokumisela iziyobisi, nazo.

  • Njengomzekelo, amayeza e-furosemide 40 mg Q.D. (40 mg yonke imihla) yatolikwa gwenxa njenge-QID (40 mg amatyeli amane ngosuku), ekhokelela kwimpazamo enkulu yezonyango.
  • Omnye umzekelo unento yokwenza neeyunithi zedosi yamachiza: iidosi kwimicrograms kufuneka zisoloko zichaziwe, kuba isifinyezo i-(g (ii-micrograms) sinokufundwa ngokulula njenge-mg (milligrams), esenza i-1000-fold overdose.

Ukulandela ii-zeros kwii-odolo zamayeza

Amanani anokutolikwa gwenxa ngokubhekisele kumanqaku aphezulu. Njengoko kuphawuliwe kwiKhomishini edibeneyo Sukusebenzisa Uluhlu, i-zero yokulandela (umzekelo, '5.0' mg, apho zero ilandela indawo yedesimali) inokuchazwa gwenxa njenge-50 mg ekhokelela kukudlula ngaphezulu kwe-10. Endaweni yokuba um-prescriber abhale i-5 mg ngaphandle kwe-zero okanye inqaku lokugqibela emva kwenani. Kwakhona, ukunqongophala kwe-zero ekhokelayo, (umzekelo, .9 mg) kunokufundwa gwenxa njenge-9 mg; endaweni yoko umgqatswa kufuneka asebenzise i-0.9 mg ukucacisa ukomelela.

IKhomishini edibeneyo iqaphela ngaphandle kwesilumkiso seZero yokulandelela. Bacacisa ukuba i-zero yokulandela umkhondo inokusetyenziswa kuphela apho kufuneka khona ukubonisa inqanaba lokuchaneka kwexabiso elixeliweyo, ezinje ngeziphumo zelebhu, izifundo zophando ezibonisa ubungakanani bezilonda, okanye ityhubhu okanye ubungakanani betyhubhu. Isenokungasetyenziswa kwiodolo yamayeza okanye amanye amaxwebhu ahambelana namayeza.

Itekhnoloji yokuKhutshwa ngokuLungisiweyo

Izifinyezo eziqhelekileyo zihlala zisetyenziselwa ukukhutshwa kweetekhnoloji yeedraphrikhi, nangona kungekho mgangatho wokwenyani ukhoyo kwesi sigama.

isetyenziselwa ntoni i-celexa
  • Amachiza amaninzi akhona kulwakhiwo olukhethekileyo njengamacwecwe okanye iipilisi njenge-ER, i-XR, kunye ne-SR -ukucothisa ukufunxwa okanye ukutshintsha apho ukupheliswa kunye nokufunxwa kwenzeka kwindawo yesisu.
  • Itekhnoloji yokukhutshwa ngexesha ivumela amachiza ukuba anyibilike ngokuhamba kwexesha, ivumela ukuqiniswa kwegazi okuzinzileyo, kwaye inokuhlisa inani lamaxesha amayeza ekufuneka ethathwe ngemini xa kuthelekiswa nokwenziwa kwangoko (i-IR).
  • Iifomati ezifakwe ngaphakathi, ezinje nge-aspirin egalelwe ngaphakathi, ziyanceda ukukhusela isisu ngokuvumela into esebenzayo ukuba idlule kwisisu kwaye endaweni yoko inyibilike kumathumbu emathunjini.

Iindlela zaBaboneleli ngezeMpilo ukunqanda iimpazamo zamayeza

  • Bhala ngokupheleleyo (okanye ukhethe ngombane) iyeza, kubandakanya negama leziyobisi kunye nerejimeni yethamo. Umgaqo ogcweleyo weedosi ubandakanya idosi, ubude bexesha, ubude bexesha, kunye nendlela yolawulo lweziyobisi eziza kwenziwa.
  • Xa ubhala idosi, UNGAYisebenzisi i-zero yokulandela umkhondo kwaye ungasebenzisi i-zero ekhokelayo.
  • Oogqirha bezilwanyana, xa bebiza okanye bebhala amayeza amachiza esilwanyana, bathethe ngomlomo okanye babhale yonke imigqaliselo kuba abanye oosokhemesti banokungaqhelani nezifinyezo zonyango lwezilwanyana.
  • Sebenzisa inkqubo yekhompyuter yokuyalela kunye nokuhanjiswa kwemiyalelo ngombane ukunciphisa ukutolikwa gwenxa kokubhalwa ngesandla.
  • Amaziko kufuneka afundise kwaye ahlaziye ababoneleli ngezempilo kunye nabanye abasebenzi ngokusetyenziswa kwezifinyezo.
  • Xela izehlo ezimbi ezivela kwiimpazamo zamayeza okanye izifinyezo kwiimpazamo kwi-FDA; ezi ziganeko zingasetyenziselwa ukuqhubela phambili ukwazisa nokwandisa izindululo zokhuselo.

Iingcali, kubandakanya oogqirha, abongikazi, oosokhemesti, abancedisi boogqirha kunye nabongikazi, kufuneka baziqhelanise nezishunqulelo ezisetyenziswayo kunyango kunye nasekubhaleni ngugqirha. Onke amagama eziyobisi, iiyunithi zedosi, kunye nezalathiso zokusetyenziswa kufuneka zibhalwe ngokucacileyo ukunqanda ukutolikwa gwenxa.

Oosokhemesti kufuneka babandakanywe kumaqela aphuhlisa okanye avavanye ii-EMRs kunye nezixhobo zokumisela i-e. NgokweKhomishini edibeneyo, imibutho yokhathalelo lwempilo inokukhulisa eyayo imigangatho yangaphakathi yezishunqulelo zonyango, isebenzise umthombo osetyenzisiweyo opapashiweyo onamagama afanayo, kwaye kufuneka iqinisekise ukuthintela izifinyezo ezininzi kwigama elinye. Ukunyanzeliswa kwangaphakathi, uphononongo rhoqo kunye nokungaguquguquki kuhlala kungoyena ndoqo.

Yintoni Onokuyenza Njengomonde?

  • Buza ugqirha wakho ukuba ulithatha njani iyeza lakho phambi kokuba uphume eofisini, kwaye ulibhale phantsi ukuze ulisebenzise kwixesha elizayo.
  • Cinga ngokusa ilungu losapho elithembakeleyo okanye umhlobo kwindawo oya kuyo ukuze uncede urekhode imiyalelo ebalulekileyo.
  • Ukuba ufumana iyeza elinemikhombandlela engaqhelekanga, engalindelekanga okanye edidayo, qiniseka ukujonga kwakhona nogqirha wakho.
  • I-FDA ikhuthaza bonke ababoneleli ngezempilo, abaguli kunye nabathengi ukuba baxele iimpazamo zamayeza kwiNkqubo ye-FDA Medwatch. I-FDA ke iyazazi iingxaki ezinokubakho kwaye inokubonelela ngongenelelo olusebenzayo oluya kunciphisa ezinye iimpazamo. Ukuthintela kwangexesha iimpazamo zonyango kunokusindisa ubomi besigulana.

Itheyibhile 1: Izifinyezo eziqhelekileyo zoNyango

Qaphela: Olu ayilo luhlu lupheleleyo lwezishunqulelo zonyango okanye izifinyezo ezihambelana nempazamo. Soloko uthetha nomboneleli wakho wezempilo ngayo nayiphi na imibuzo enxulumene nezifinyezo zonyango okanye amagama.

Isifinyezo Intsingiselo / Injongo eNenjongo Amanqaku malunga nokudideka
1 / 2NS isiqingatha seetyuwa (0.45%) I-saline eqhelekileyo (i-NS) yi-0.9%, ke isiqingatha se-saline yesi-0.45%
5-ASA 5-aminosalicylic acid

Unokuchazwa gwenxa njengamacwecwe amahlanu e-aspirin (nge-FDA nganye).

uyisebenzisa kanjani iyunithi yeshumi

Pela igama elipheleleyo leziyobisi.

ukuya ngaphambili
AM ntseni
aa nganye
IAAA isisu se-aortic aneurysm (ebizwa ngokuba yi 'triple-A') Ingatolikwa gwenxa njenge 'kusebenza kwindawo echaphazelekayo'
IAAA faka isicelo kummandla ochaphazelekayo Unokuchazwa gwenxa njenge 'esiswini ye-aortic aneurysm'
kwaye ngaphambi kokutya
izembe ngaphambi kokutya nangexesha lokulala
UKUYA indlebe yasekunene
intengiso lib ngokukhululekileyo; kangangoko unqwenela
Intengiso ihleli. ukugcwala
ukuya. ukuya; ixhomekeke ku Isilumkiso sokungabhidanisi ne-AD (intsingiselo yendlebe yasekunene)
YONKE INTO alanine aminotransferase
yonke into. enye into
yonke into. h. yonke enye iyure
Ndingu, AM ekuseni; ngaphambi kwemini enkulu
amp Ii-ampoules
iofisi karhulumente. isixa
imbovane. yangaphambili
ngembono ye ngaphambili
ap ngaphambi kwesidlo sangokuhlwa
IAPAP acetaminophen Pela igama leziyobisi 'acetaminophen'
TYHALA i-thromboplastin esebenzayo iyasebenza
AQ, aq amanzi
njenge njenge indlebe yasekhohlo
SO Iasprini Pela igama leziyobisi 'aspirin'
ISEBE i-aspartate aminotransferase
I-ATC ubusuku nemini
UKUYA indlebe nganye; zombini iindlebe
I-AZT zidovudine

Unokuchazwa gwenxa njenge-azathioprine (nge-FDA).

Pela igama leziyobisi.

Ba barium
I-BCP iipilisi zokulawula inzala
Kunye ibhismuth
ibhidi, BID kabini ngemini
BM ukuhamba kwamathumbu
BMI ubunzima bomzimba
ebe bolus
BP ifuthe legazi
BPH i-benign prostatic hypertrophy
BS iswekile yegazi
BSA indawo engaphezulu komzimba
BT ixesha lokulala E-US, 'hs' okanye 'HS' isetyenziswa kakhulu ngexesha lokulala.
c nge
C.C. isikhalazo esiyintloko
c / o izikhalazo ze
IiC & S inkcubeko kunye novakalelo
ICABG Umthambo wecoronaryary bypass ugrafti
Isela3 calcium carbonate
CAD isifo semithambo
Ikopi umhlaza wedlala lobudoda Musa ukudibanisa ne 'capsule'
ikepusi. philisi Musa ukudideka 'ngomhlaza wendlala'
I-CBC ubalo lwegazi olupheleleyo
DC iisentimitha cubic

Isenokuba yimpazamo njengoko u (iiyunithi) nge-ISMP nganye.

Sebenzisa i-mL endaweni ye-cc.

Iziphumo zomzimba ze-lsd
CD ukuhanjiswa okulawulwayo
I-CF icystic fibrosis
i-CM isentimitha
CNS inkqubo luvo
conc kugxilwe
I-CPZ Compazine

Unokuchazwa gwenxa njenge-chlorpromazine (nge-FDA).

Pela igama leziyobisi.

CR ukukhutshwa okulawulwayo
cr, crm cream
i-CV yentliziyo
I-CXR X-ray esifubeni
D / C, dc, idiski. ukuyeka okanye ukukhupha Iintsingiselo ezininzi ezinokwenzeka; Pela ngaphandle kokusebenzisa 'D / C'
I-D5 / 0.9 NaCl I-5% dextrose kunye nesisombululo sesaline eqhelekileyo (0.9% NaCl)
I-D5 1/2 / NS I-5% dextrose kunye nesiqingatha sesaline yesiqhelo (0.45% NaCl)
D5NS I-dextrose 5% kwi-saline eqhelekileyo (0.9%)
D5W I-5% dextrose emanzini
UDAW ukuhambisa njengoko kubhaliwe
DBP uxinzelelo lwegazi
intliziyo. ihlanjululwe
nceda ukuhambisa
isahl Yahlula
I-DKA ketoacidosis seswekile
dL iselfayile
I-DM Isifo seswekile
YENZA Ugqirha wamayeza eOsteopathic
DOB umhla wokuzalwa
DPT I-diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus Kungcono ukupela igama lokugonya; inokuchazwa gwenxa njengeDemerol-Phenergan-Thorazine nge-FDA nganye
UGqr ukukhutshwa kade
I-DVT i-vein thrombosis enzulu
I-DW i-dextrose emanzini, isifo seswekile okanye amanzi acocekileyo Iintsingiselo ezininzi ezinokwenzeka; Pela ngaphandle kokusebenzisa 'DW'
EC engenwe ngaphakathi
NYE Iliso, indlebe, impumlo kunye nomqala
Elix. Elixir
emulsion. emulsion
NGU ukhululo olwandisiweyo Kwakhona kunokuthetha 'igumbi elingxamisekileyo'
NGU Igumbi loncedo olukhawulezayo Isenokuthetha 'ukukhutshwa okude'
ETOH utywala ethyl
F Fahrenheit
f okanye F umntu obhinqileyo
FBS ukuzila ukutya iswekile yegazi
I-FDA Ukutya kunye noLawulo lweziyobisi
Fe Intsimbi
FFP iplasma entsha efriziwe
fl okanye fld ulwelo
ft unyawo
G, okanye g, okanye gm Igram 'g' luphawu olukhethiweyo
garg gqabaza
IGERD isifo se-reflux sesisu
NIKA isisu
NS. iinkozo Imilinganiselo yeapothecary (iphelelwe lixesha kwaye inokuchazwa gwenxa njengegram; sukusebenzisa)
GTT Uvavanyo lokunyamezelwa kweswekile Ingabhidaniswa ne-gtt yamaconsi
gtt, gtts ukuwa, ukuhla Ingabhidaniswa ne-GTT yovavanyo lonyamezelo lweswekile
GU imvelaphi
guttat. idrop ngokuwisa
h, okanye hr. yure
h / o Imbali ye
I-H & H hematocrit kunye nehemoglobin
H2 Imbali 2
H20 amanzi
UKUHLAWULA unyango lwe-antiretroviral olusebenzayo
HCT, okanye iHct Unyango
HCT hydrocortisone Kungcono ukupela igama leziyobisi; inokuchazwa gwenxa njengehydrochlorothiazide nge-FDA nganye
HCTZ Ihydrochlorothiazide Kungcono ukupela igama leziyobisi; inokuchazwa gwenxa njenge-hydrocortisone nge-FDA nganye
HR inqanaba lentliziyo
HS isiqingatha-somelele kungcono ukupela; sukuphazama 'ngexesha lokulala'
hs okanye HS ngexesha lokulala, iiyure zokulala Musa ukutolika ngendlela engeyiyo 'njengesiqingatha samandla'
I-HTN uxinzelelo lwegazi
hx Imbali
IBW ubunzima bomzimba obulungileyo
Isazisi intradermal OKANYE izifo ezosulelayo Iintsingiselo ezininzi ezinokwenzeka; Pela igama endaweni yokusebenzisa 'ID'
IJ isitofu kungcono ukupela 'inaliti'
KWI intramuscular
NGAPHAKATHI intranasal
inf ukumnika
inj. isitofu
faka. instillation
IP mzantsiweb
IR ukukhululwa kwangoko
IU iyunithi (zamazwe) Impazamo njenge-IV (efakwa ngaphakathi) okanye inombolo ye-10 (ishumi); Endaweni yokusebenzisa 'iiyunithi zamanye amazwe' (ngokweKhomishini edibeneyo 'Ungasebenzisi uLuhlu lweziFinyezo)
IJAUD isixhobo sangaphakathi
IV efakwa ngaphakathi
IVP Ukufakwa ngaphakathi Ingabhidaniswa ne 'pyelogram efakiweyo'
IVPB piggyback efakwa ngaphakathi
UJ ijoule
UKUYA potassium
I-KOH potassium hayidroksayidi
L okanye l ilitha Unobumba omncinci l usenokuphazama njengenombolo 1 (nge-ISMP nganye). Endaweni yokusebenzisa iL (oonobumba abakhulu) kwilitha.
THE esebenza ixesha elide
ilebhu elebhu
i-Ib. iponti
I-LDL Ubuninzi be-lipoprotein
LFT Uvavanyo lomsebenzi wesibindi
E lithium
liq. ulwelo
LMP sexesheni lokugqibela
okuninzi into yokuthambisa
I-LPN umongikazi osebenzayo onelayisensi
I-LR Isilingi esincancisiweyo (isisombululo)
mane ekuseni
mcg okanye µg microgram Unokuchazwa gwenxa ukuba 'mg' okanye milligram, kungcono ukupela i 'microgram'
MD ugqirha
I-MDI i-inhaler yedosi yemitha
mEq milliequivalent
mEq / L milliequivalent ilitha nganye
Mg nemagniziyam
mg milligram
MgSO4 i-magnesium sulfate Unokudideka ne 'MSO4' (morphine sulphate), chaza i-'magnesium sulphate '-iKhomishini edibeneyo' Sukusebenzisa 'uLuhlu lweZifinyezo
mL ngeemililitha Sukusebenzisa i-ml njengonobumba omncinci l unokuphosakela kwinombolo 1. Sebenzisa i-mL (unobumba omncinci m, unobumba omkhulu uL) ngemililitha (nge-ISMP nganye).
mm iimilimitha
MM okanye M yezigidi Ngamana ungaphazama njengewaka. Sebenzisa isigidi.
M okanye K iwaka Ngaba unokuphazama njengezigidi. Sebenzisa amawaka.
mm ye-Hg iimilimitha zemekyuri
mMol millimole
MMR imasisi-mumps-rubella (iyeza lokugonya)
mol wt ubunzima beemolekyuli
MR ukukhutshwa okulungisiweyo
NKSK morphine sulphate okanye nemagniziyam sulphate Ngaba unokuthetha nokuba yi-morphine sulphate okanye i-magnesium sulphate, upele igama elipheleleyo leziyobisi- IKhomishini edibeneyo 'Ungasebenzisi uLuhlu lweziFinyezo
MSO4 I-morphine sulfate Isenokubhideka 'MgSO4'; Endaweni yokupela igama elithi 'morphine sulphate' - IKhomishini edibeneyo 'Sukusebenzisa' uLuhlu lweZifinyezo
n okanye i-noct. ebusuku
N / A ayingeni
Hayi, N & V isicaphucaphu nokugabha
Vula isodiyam
KWI intranasal
I-NDC Ikhowudi kaZwelonke yeziyobisi
Ng okanye ng umzobo Ngaba unokuphosakela njenge-mg okanye i-nasogastric. Sebenzisa i-nanogram.
NGT ityhubhu ye-nasogastric
NS3 iammonia
NJENGOKO Akukho zifo zaziwayo
NKDA Akukho ziyobisi zaziwayo
busuku ntseni ubusuku kusasa
UE umongikazi
NPO, np akukho nto ngomlomo Kukhethwe yi-AMA ukupela 'akukho nto ngomlomo'
NS ityuwa eqhelekileyo
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-ukudumba ichiza
I-NTE ungagqithi
OKANYE2 ioksijini
I-OC izinto zokucwangcisa ngomlomo
I-od, OD iliso lasekunene Isenokuthetha ukuba 'libanda kakhulu' okanye 'kube kanye yonke imihla'; kungcono ukupela 'iliso lasekunene'
Ngaba kanye ngemini Kukhethwa e-UK; Isenokuthetha 'ukugqithisa' okanye 'iliso lasekunene'; kungcono ukupela 'kanye ngemini'
OH isiselo se-orenji
os., OS iliso lasekhohlo
OTC ngaphaya kwekhawunta
PA UMncedisi kaGqirha
ipc emva kokutya
I-PRN njengoko kufuneka
P.M ngokuhlwa
PO ngomlomo okanye ngomlomo Kungangcono ukupela 'ngomlomo' okanye 'ngomlomo' (nge-AMA nganye)
Intoni yonke
q4h rhoqo iiyure ezi-4
q6h rhoqo kwiiyure ezi-6
q8h qho kwiiyure ezisi-8
q12h qho kwiiyure ezili-12
qam qho ekuseni
qd, QD, qd, QD, kunye yonke imihla Ngaba unokuphazama njenge-qd Endaweni yokubhala 'yonke imihla' (ngokweKhomishini edibeneyo 'Sukusebenzisa uLuhlu') okanye 'sebenzisa yonke imihla' kuluhlu lwe-ISMP
qhs busuku ngabunye ngexesha lokulala Ungabhidaniswa ne 'qh' (iyure nganye); kungcono ukupela 'ubusuku ngabunye ngexesha lokulala'
q.i.d. , QID amatyeli amane ngemini
qod, QOD, qd, okanye i-QOD naliphi na usuku

Isenokuba yimpazamo njenge-qid okanye i-QID (amatyeli amane yonke imihla).

Bhala 'yonke imihla' (nge-ISMP nganye kunye neKhomishini edibeneyo).

NGAPHANDLE irheumatoid Arthritis
Rx amayeza
UKUYA inyathelo elizinzileyo
SL, sl ulwimi lwangaphantsi (phantsi kolwimi)
SC, SQ sq, okanye sub q ngaphantsi okanye ngaphantsi Sebenzisa i-SUBQ (yonke into engunobumba omkhulu) okanye upele i-subcutaneous okanye ngaphantsi
MR ukukhululwa okuzinzileyo
IIYURE izifo ezidluliselwa ngeentlobano zesini
uncede suppository
ukunqunyanyiswa ukunqunyanyiswa
itshizi isiraphu
T ubushushu
tbsp okanye Tbsp icephe Impazamo njengezipuni (iitispuni). Sebenzisa inkqubo yeetriki (umzekelo, mL).
I-TID, td kathathu ngemini
Ngaphezulu. ngezihloko
NS ukukhutshwa kwexesha
tsp icephe Iphutha njengepunipoon (s). Sebenzisa inkqubo yeetriki (umzekelo, mL).
U okanye u iyunithi Impazamo njengenombolo '0' (zero), inani '4' (ezine) okanye 'cc'. Bhala 'iyunithi' endaweni yoko (ngokweKhomishini eDibeneyo 'Sukusebenzisa uLuhlu').
ud, ut, dict, UD njengoko kuyalelwe
yonakele Amafutha
UTI usulelo lomchamo
IWBC iiseli ezimhlophe zegazi
XR ukhululo olwandisiweyo
mcg, iZip microgram µg mcg inokuchazwa gwenxa njenge 'mg'. Kungcono ukupela 'microgram'

Bona kwakho

Imithombo

  1. Taber's Izifinyezo zoNyango. Iitheyibhile ezikwi-Intanethi. Kufunyenwe ngoJulayi 13, 2021 https://www.tabers.com/tabersonline/view/Tabers-Dictionary/767492/all/Medical_Abbreviations
  2. Iphepha leKhomishini eliDibeneyo. Igosa Musa ukulusebenzisa uLuhlu. Uhlaziyo luka-Agasti 2020 lufikeleleke ngoJulayi 14, 2021 e https://www.jointcommission.org/-/media/tjc/documents/fact-sheets/do-not-use-list-8-3-20.pdf
  3. UMahumud A, uPhillips J, uHolquist C. Ukuphelisa iimpazamo zeziyobisi kwizifinyezo. Iphepha loKhuseleko le-FDA. Imixholo yeziyobisi. NgoJulayi 1, 2002.
  4. I-FDA. I-MedWatch: Ulwazi loKhuseleko lwe-FDA kunye neNkqubo yokuXela iMicimbi. Kufunyenwe ngoJulayi 14, 2021 https://www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch-fda-safety-information-and-adverse-event-reporting-program
  5. Uhlaziyo lwabathengi be-FDA. Umsebenzi we-FDA kunye ne-ISMP ukuthintela iimpazamo zamayeza. zitshxng.cz. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesithoba ku-Matshi 2012. Ufikeleleke kuJulayi 14, 2021 apha https://varixcare.cz/fda-consumer/fda-and-ismp-work-to-prevent-medication-errors-213.html
  6. I-FDA. Izilwanyana kunye neMfuyo. Inkqubo encinci yokuthintela ixabisa iMilligram yoNyango: Ukuthintela iimpazamo zamayeza kwizilwanyana. NgoJuni 12, 2019. Ifikeleleke ngoJulayi 14, 2021 e https://www.fda.gov/animal-veterinary/resource-you/microgram-prevention-worth-milligram-cure-preventing-medication-errors-animals
  7. Uluhlu lwe-ISMP lweZiphene, iZimpawu, kunye nokuchongwa kwedosi. IZiko leZenzo eziKhuselekileyo zoNyango (ISMP). 2021. Ifikeleleke ngoJulayi 14, 2021 e https://www.ismp.org/recommendations/error-prone-abbreviations-list

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