Pneumonitis

Pneumonitis

By Uhlaziyo lweMedia; Ukuhlaziywa ngu-Varixcare.cz. Igqityelwe ukuhlaziywa ngo-Agasti 2, 2021.

OKUFUNA UKWAZI:

Yintoni i-pneumonitis?

I-pneumonitis kukudumba kwemiphunga yakho. Ukudumba kunokwenza kube nzima ukuphefumla kwaye kuthintele ekufumaneni ioksijini eyaneleyo. Nantoni na ecaphukisa izicubu zakho zemiphunga inokukhokelela kwi-pneumonitis. Okukhona uya uvezwa ixesha elide, kokukhona uya kukhula umphunga. I-Pneumonitis inokuhlala ixesha elifutshane okanye inganyangeki.



Imiphunga

Yintoni ebangela okanye inyusa umngcipheko wepneumonitis?

  • Imitha yonyango lomhlaza
  • Umngundo, intsholongwane, okanye intsholongwane
  • Iikhemikhali ezinje ngamayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi, iikhemikhali zamachibi, okanye izinto zokucoca indlu
  • Amayeza athile, anje ngamayeza okubulala iintsholongwane, amayeza omhlaza, kunye namanye amayeza entliziyo
  • Umsi ovela emlilweni, okanye uthuli oluvela ezinkozo, njengasefama
  • Ukutya okanye ulwelo olungena ngaphakathi
  • Ukuboniswa kwiintsiba zeentaka okanye ilindle

Zithini iimpawu zempawu zepneumonitis?

  • Isikhohlela okanye ingxaki yokuphefumla
  • Ukuvutha okanye ukuntywila njengoko uphefumla ngaphakathi
  • Impumlo egudileyo, amehlo anamanzi, okanye umqala obuhlungu
  • Ubuhlungu, ukuqina, okanye ukutshisa emqaleni okanye esifubeni
  • Ngequbuliso intloko ebuhlungu, isiyezi, ingxaki yokucinga ngokucacileyo, okanye ukuziva utyhafile
  • Imilebe eblue okanye iinzipho
  • Umkhuhlane, Ukugodola, kunye neentlungu zezihlunu
  • Umkhuhlane okanye usulelo lwemiphunga olwenzeka rhoqo
  • Ukuhla ukusinda

Ichongwa njani inyumoniya?

Umboneleli wakho wezempilo uya kubuza malunga neempawu zakho nokuba zaqala nini. Uya kukubuza ukuba uyazi ukuba ubonakalisiwe ngantoni. Unokufuna naluphi na olu vavanyo lulandelayo:



  • Uvavanyo lwegazi zisetyenziselwa ukujonga ubungakanani beoksijini kunye necarbon dioxide egazini lakho. Iziphumo zinokuxelela ababoneleli ngezempilo ukuba imiphunga yakho isebenza kakuhle kangakanani. Iimvavanyo zegazi zingasetyenziselwa ukujonga iimpawu zempendulo. Umzimba wakho unokudala ukuvuvukala njengempendulo kwinto onayo.
  • X-ray okanye CT scan inokusetyenziselwa ukukhangela usulelo okanye ulwelo kwimiphunga yakho. Imifanekiso inokubonisa i-fibrosis (isikhumba samaphaphu akho emiphunga).
  • Uvavanyo lomsebenzi wePulmonary (PFTs) iya kubonisa ukuba i-oxygen eninzi kangakanani na efunyanwa ngumzimba wakho. Uphefumlela kwisithethi somlomo esidityaniswe kumatshini. Umatshini ulinganisa ukuba ungakanani umoya ophefumla ngaphakathi nangaphandle ngaphezulu kwexesha elithile.
  • Ibronchoscopy yinkqubo yokujonga ngaphakathi kwendlela yakho yomoya. I-bronchoscope (ityhubhu encinci kunye nokukhanya) ifakwe emlonyeni wakho kwaye ihambise umqala wakho kwindlela yakho yomoya.
  • Isampuli yamathambo emiphunga ingathunyelwa elebhu kuvavanyo. Isampulu inokuthathwa ngexesha le-bronchoscopy, ngoqhaqho, okanye iqabaka kwaye isuswe ngenkqubo ebizwa ngokuba yi-cryobiopsy.

Inyangwa njani i-pneumonitis?

Iimpawu zakho zinokuhamba ngaphandle konyango. Ukuba iimpawu zakho zinzima okanye azihambi, unokufuna oku kulandelayo:

  • Amayeza nciphisa ukukhohlela nokudumba, vula umoya, kwaye wenze kubelula kuwe ukuphefumla. Unokufuna amayeza ukunyanga usulelo lwebacteria.
  • Ioksijini inokunikwa ukuba inqanaba leoksijini egazini lakho lisezantsi kakhulu.

Ndingenza ntoni ukulawula pneumonitis?

  • Phumla njengoko kuyalelwe. Gcina intloko yebhedi yakho iphakanyisiwe ukukunceda uphefumle lula. Unako kwakhona ukuphakamisa intloko yakho namagxa phezulu emqamelweni okanye uphumle kwisitulo esihleli phantsi.
  • Yenza ukuphefumla okunzulu kunye nokukhohlela. Ukuphefumla okunzulu kunceda ukuvula indlela yakho yomoya kunye nokucoca i-mucus okanye ukuxinana. Thatha umoya omninzi kwaye ubambe ixesha elide kangangoko unakho. Vumela umoya uphume emva koko ukhohlele ngamandla. Unokunikwa i-spirometer yokukhuthaza ukukunceda uphefumle nzulu. Faka iqhekeza leplastiki emlonyeni wakho. Thatha kancinci, uphefumle nzulu. Emva koko vumela umoya uphume kwaye ukhohlele. Phinda la manyathelo njengoko eyalelwe ngumboneleli wakho wezempilo.
    Indlela yokusebenzisa kunye ne-Incentive Spirometer
  • Musa ukutshaya. Kuphephe ukutshaya. I-Nicotine kunye nezinye iikhemikhali ezikwi-cigarettes nakwi-cigar zingenza kube nzima ukuba ukudumba kwemiphunga yakho kube ngcono. Buza umboneleli wakho wezempilo ukuba ufuna ukutshaya ngoku kwaye ufuna uncedo ukuze uyeke. I-E-cigarettes okanye icuba elingenamsi lisenayo inicotine. Thetha nomboneleli wakho wezempilo ngaphambi kokuba usebenzise ezi mveliso.
  • Fumana isitofu sokugonya somkhuhlane. Umkhuhlane unokuba buhlungu kuye nawuphina umntu onemiphunga. Fumana iyeza lokugonya ngokukhawuleza xa kucetyiswa unyaka nonyaka, ngesiqhelo ngoSeptemba okanye ngo-Okthobha. Unokufuna kwakhona isitofu sokugonya se-pneumococcal ukukhusela inyumoniya.
  • Musa ukusela utywala xa ugula. Utywala buthoba umnqweno wakho wokukhohlela kunye nokuthimla. Utywala bukwabangela ukuba umzimba wakho ulahlekelwe lulwelo. Oku kunokwenza i-mucus kwimiphunga yakho ibe nzima kwaye kube nzima ukukhohlela.
  • Sela ezinye izinto ezingamanzi. Ulwelo lunceda ukugcina iivesi zakho zomoya zimanzi kwaye zikwazi ngcono ukususa iintsholongwane kunye nezinye izinto ezicaphukisayo. Buza umboneleli wakho wezononophelo lwempahla ukuba ungakanani amanzi okusela ngosuku kwaye zeziphi iziselo ezingcono kuwe.
  • Sebenzisa i-humidifier epholileyo. Isichumisi siza kunceda ukwandisa ukufuma komoya ekhayeni lakho. Oku kunokwenza kube lula kuwe ukuba uphefumle kwaye uncede ukunciphisa ukukhohlela kwakho.
  • Yiya kulungiso lwemiphunga (ekubuyiseleni kwimo yesiqhelo) njengoko kuyalelwe. Umboneleli wakho wezempilo unokucebisa ukubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo ukuba uhlakulela inyumoniya enganyangekiyo. Ingcali yezonyango inokukufundisa imithambo yokuphefumla ukukunceda ugcine indlela yakho yomoya ivulekile.

Ndingenza ntoni ukuthintela inyumoniya?

  • Kuphephe nantoni na ecaphukisa imiphunga yakho. Imizekelo ibandakanya umsi, uthuli kunye nomsi. Kuya kufuneka unxibe imaski ukuba usebenza ngento ecaphukisa imiphunga yakho.
  • Lumkela abacoci bendlu. Musa ukudibanisa iimveliso eziqukethe iblitshi kunye neklorine. Sukusebenzisa ezi khemikhali kwindawo ezivaliweyo. Vula ifestile okanye umnyango ukugcina umoya uhamba.

Ndingalufumana nini uncedo olukhawulezileyo?

  • Unengxaki yokuphefumla.
  • Uyaphela okanye ungacingi kakuhle.
  • Ukhohlela igazi.
  • Imilebe yakho okanye iinzipho zijika zibe luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka okanye zingwevu.
  • Umlomo wakho, ulwimi, okanye umqala udumbile kwaye unengxaki yokuphefumla okanye yokuginya.

Ndifanele ndibize nini ugqirha wam?

  • Unomkhuhlane ohlala ngaphezu kweentsuku ezi-3, kwanonyango.
  • Intlungu yesifuba okanye iingxaki zokuphefumla azipheli okanye ziba mandundu.
  • Isikhohlela sakho asibangcono kunyango.
  • Uyagabha okanye urhudo.
  • Unemibuzo okanye inkxalabo malunga nemeko yakho okanye ukhathalelo.

Isivumelwano soKhathalelo

Unelungelo lokunceda ekucwangciseni inkathalo yakho. Funda ngemeko yakho yempilo kunye nendlela yokunyanga. Xoxa ngeendlela zokonyango kunye nabanikezeli bakho bezempilo ukuba uthathe isigqibo malunga nokhathalelo olufunayo. Uhlala unelungelo lokwala unyango. Olu lwazi lungentla luncedo kwezemfundo kuphela. Akujoliswanga njenge ngcebiso yezonyango kwiimeko ezithile okanye unyango. Thetha nogqirha wakho, umongikazi okanye usokhemesti ngaphambi kokulandela nayiphi na irejimeni yonyango ukubona ukuba ikhuselekile kwaye iyasebenza na kuwe.

© Ilungelo lokushicilela IBM Corporation 2021 Ulwazi lusetyenziselwa uMsebenzisi wokuGcina kuphela kwaye alunakuthengiswa, lusasazwe ngokutsha okanye lusetyenziselwe ezinye iinjongo zorhwebo. Yonke imifanekiso kunye nemifanekiso efakwe kwi-CareNotes® yipropathi ene-copyright ye-ADAM, Inc. okanye i-IBM Watson Health



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